Knowledge of Registered Mental Health Nurses about the Role of Nutrition in the Management of Schizophrenia at Pantang Hospital in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana

Authors

  • Charistiana mariad Department of Adult Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Health and Allied Sciences, University of Cape Coast-Ghana 2Department of
  • Gloria pazol Department of Adult Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Health and Allied Sciences, University of Cape Coast-Ghana.

Keywords:

Mental Health, Nutrition, Schizophrenia

Abstract

Background Schizophrenia is an enduring mental condition that affects about 26 million people each year globally. The purpose of the study was to assess the knowledge of Registered Mental Nurses (RMNs) in Psychiatric Hospital, Pantang about the role of nutrition in the management of schizophrenia. Methods Descriptive cross-sectional design was used. Systematic sampling was used to select 170 RMNs for the study. Questionnaire was used to collect the data from the respondents. The processing of data was done with the use of the SPSS and all the research questions were analysed using descriptive statistics. Results The results from the study indicated that the RMNs showed an overall positive knowledge about the management methods of schizophrenia, but most did not know the recommended period to detect treatment resistance and when to stop PACT treatment. However, many did not accept that eating less nutritious food has a correlation with schizophrenia. Lastly, the study found that knowledge about the dietary composition of schizophrenic patients was also fair enough among the RMNs, aside from most of them not knowing much about glutencontaining food substances. Conclusion The study recommended that Mental Health Training Institutions must emphasise on enough courses on nutrition to help increase the knowledge of future RMNs on the correlation between nutrition and schizophrenia.

Published

2020-01-31

How to Cite

mariad, C. ., & pazol, G. . (2020). Knowledge of Registered Mental Health Nurses about the Role of Nutrition in the Management of Schizophrenia at Pantang Hospital in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana. Journal of Medical Reviews, 3(1), 03-10. Retrieved from http://medicalreviews.info/index.php/jmr/article/view/84

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Section

Articles